The research behind Abound

Overview

To figure out what skills children need to become successful readers, researchers looked hard at students who are successful readers, and tried to determine what specific things made them read well. They also looked at children who aren’t as successful, and figured out why they struggle to read. The science is clear: to read well, children need a combination of literacy skills and social-emotional skills. Some of these skills are finite, and some are infinite and need to be continuously built up from infancy onwards. Children also need to be motivated to read, but motivation is complicated and needs to be understood as both a result of reading well, and a reason that children become even more capable readers. Below is an overview of these components of successful reading, as well as links to learn even more about the skills and how parents specifically can help-- this is especially important, because some of these skills need to be built up at home, while others need just some foundational help from parents and then a strong and systematic program of instruction from schools.

Below age 3

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Age 3 and above

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Below age 3

Literacy Skills

Building Language

Building Language focuses on younger children, ages 0-2. This skill set refers to a child’s ability to understand and say many words, and many types of words, and later to understand and say more extended and complex sentences.

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Literacy Skills

Book Experiences

Book Experiences also applies to younger children 0-3. The skill set encompasses all the skills that are built when parents and caregivers regularly read to and talk about print with babies, toddlers, and preschoolers.

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Social & Emotional Skills

Awareness & Regulation

Awareness & Regulation refers to the social and emotional skills that are critical to reading and academic success-- at all ages. They include a child’s ability to be aware of himself and others, an understanding of how empathy contributes to positive social dynamics, and regulation of both mind and body in order to stay engaged in reading or conversation.

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Age 3 and above

Literacy Skills

Letters & Sounds

Letters & Sounds refers to mechanical skills: the reading of individual words based on a knowledge of letters and sounds, and how to blend individual letter/sound units into words, automatically and fluently.

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Literacy Skills

Vocabulary & Knowledge

Vocabulary & Knowledge refers to skills that are important for understanding books and other texts. When children can read words (i.e., they have Letters & Sounds skills), they still need to make sense of what the words really mean.

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Social & Emotional Skills

Awareness & Regulation

Awareness & Regulation refers to the social and emotional skills that are critical to reading and academic success-- at all ages. They include a child’s ability to be aware of himself and others, an understanding of how empathy contributes to positive social dynamics, and regulation of both mind and body in order to stay engaged in reading or conversation.

Learn more & see the latest research